Winter Wheat: Varieties
Performance data are reported in the annual publication Pennsylvania Winter Wheat and Winter Barley Performance Tests available from county offices of Penn State Cooperative Extension or online at extension.psu.edu/small-grains. Varieties vary considerably in yield, maturity, and disease resistance. By selecting high-yielding lines with good resistance to powdery mildew, fungicides can be delayed or eliminated. A bearded variety should be considered for fields heavily grazed by deer.
Poor-quality seed may limit yield and crop performance because of low germination (less than 85 percent), excessive foreign material, weed seed, and seed of other varieties or crops. Certified seed offers the best assurance of quality.