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Environmental and Earth Science

These are the environmental and Earth Science projects offered by Lycoming county 4-H

The power of wind

Throughout The Power of the Wind curriculum, you will guide youth to use the engineering design process to find solutions to problems related to wind power. Youth work on teams to analyze problems and find solutions that balance options and constraints. They test what they've made to see how it works, then make adjustments and test further, as necessary. Although designed for groups, this project adapts for individual project work with an adult. Throughout the design process, as an adult facilitator, you will cultivate independence and mastery by guiding and asking questions in a caring environment. The challenges are designed to assist youth to learn by doing and apply findings to local community needs.

Exploring Your Environment

The Exploring Your Environment Curriculum is part of the National 4-H Curriculum Collection and is designed for middle school aged youth to learn about the environment. Each section of the curriculum focuses on an environmental question or issue and has a corresponding activity that allows you to jump right into real-world issues that affect your life. Earth's Capacity focuses on environmental stewardship and issues such as transportation choices, waste management, composting, recycling, and natural resources. Ecosystems Service youth will have the opportunity to engage in hands-on activities that focus on our ecosystems, climate change, life cycles, ecological footprints, and living a sustainable life.

Heat and Heating

Light and Lighting

Adopt-a-tree Album:

8-12 years old (before January 1)

Members will learn to look at one tree in detail during an entire growing season and describe it in newly-learned botanical terms. Members will make a bark rubbing and leaf print, collect seeds, diagram tree parts, plus record other interesting information about the tree.

Trees + Me = Forestry:

11-16 years old (before January 1)

Six chapters lead members through the topics of forest resources, tree identification, the life cycle of trees, forest succession, compass and map use, and forest inventories. Chapters should be completed in order, at least 2 per year.

Advancing in Forestry:

16-18 years old (before January 1)

Members pursue advanced exploration of Forest Stewardship, Silviculture, Forest Products, Forest Insects and Diseases, Fire, and Forestry Judging. Members should complete at least 2 chapters per year.

Treetop:

8-10 years old (before January 1)

Members are introduced to forests and trees. Five chapters cover parts of trees, their life cycle, the water cycle, soils, forests as wildlife habitat, forest types, and renewal and succession.

Meet the plants:

8-11 years old (as of January 1)

Meet the Plants is a beginning course in identifying what a plant is and the different parts of a plant. There are experiments and activities for seed sprouting, root development and stem identification, students will have the opportunity to grow annual seed and bulbs in dish gardens and terrariums. Students can learn how plants grow under different conditions of light, temperature and soil.

4-H Wildlife Project:

10-18 years old (before January 1)

This 4-H wildlife project is designed to help you become familiar with the natural world around you, whether it’s in your backyard, schoolyard, neighborhood park, or in a rural area. The book is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 introduces you to the practice of nature journaling, a skill you will use throughout the book. Chapter 2 introduces the concept of habitat and how habitat suitability affects the animals you will find in an area. Chapter 3 covers wildlife populations, the natural processes that affect them, and how wildlife ecologists study populations. Chapter 4 describes how wildlife species and populations fit together into wildlife communities.

Wildlife is all around us:

8-11 years old (before January 1)

Members will have the opportunity to become familiar with some of the habits, characteristics, and be able to identify different kinds of wildlife. Members will gain an appreciation of the relationship and benefits of wildlife resources to the lives of people as well as an understanding of wildlife production habitat. For the first year of the project, members will complete the Wildlife Detective and one season; for the second year they will complete the other 3 seasons.

Water conservation:

8-16 years old (before January 1)

The activities in Unit 1, Water Conservation with the Water Lion, teach members how and why they should use water wisely around the home. Sections on Water Use, Wasted Water, and Water-Wise Ways teach water conservation skills. In Unit 2, Incredible Water with the Water Lion, members are guided through activities about the properties of water, and learn about the water cycle. In Unit 3, Water Quality Matters, members learn about water quality and how it is measured and regulated as they compare a river and a stream in different parts of Pennsylvania.

Outdoor Adventures:

8-18 years old (before January 1)

Members will learn experientially about living more simply and exploring their environment by getting out into it! The guides have been designed to be used sequentially; with each guide, new outdoor skills are introduced. Level 1, Hiking Trails, is designed for grades 3-5; Level 2, Camping Adventures, is designed for grades 6-8; Level 3, Backpacking Expeditions is designed for grades 9-12. Project choice is ultimately based on activity interest and outdoor skill levels.

Fishing for Adventure:

8-18 years old (before January 1)

Members will learn about the world of sportfishing with an emphasis on these themes: angling skills, tackle crafting, people and fish, and aquatic ecology. Level 1 is designed for grades 3-5; Level 2 is designed for grades 6-8, and Level 3 is designed for grades 9-12 but they may be used by youth in any grade based on their project skills and expertise.

Air Rifle:

before January 1), subject to instructor’s judgment

Air Pistol:

8-18 years old (before January 1), subject to instructor’s judgment

Riflery:

8-18 years old (before January 1), subject to instructor’s judgment

Archery:

8-18 years old (before January 1), subject to instructor’s judgment

Shotgun:

8-18 years old (before January 1), subject to instructor’s judgment

Members will learn about firearm safety, and the fundamentals of skeet and trap shooting.

Orienteering:

10-18 years old (before January 1)

This is an all-inclusive project which explains the use of maps and compasses and how to organize orienteering meets and programs.

Beyond fair chase:

10-18 years old (before January 1)

Members will learn the ethical way to hunt. The process is described from preparation to shooting to care after the shot.

Junior Master Gardener:

8-12 (as of January 1)

Developed for the third through fifth grades but adaptable to other grade levels, the “Learn, Grow, Eat & Go!” program supports Coordinated School Health (CSH) to improve school health culture. The program consists of multiple components including a 20-lesson curriculum that emphasizes science, math, language arts, health, and social studies.